South Africa

Ancestors of Mammals May Have Survived Largest Mass-Extinction in History in Antarctica

The largest mass-extinction in the world is considered to have happened about 252 million years ago due to quick global warming or climate change. A new study shows how some ancestors of mammals are believed to have survived this mass-extinction. Jörg Fröbisch and Kenneth Angielczyk from The Field Museum along with Christian Sidor from the University of Washington have recently identified the fossil remains of such a species in Antarctica.

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6 World Records Set by South African Mines

South Africa is a world leader both in terms of mineral resources and in the development of mining technology to extract these resources. The industry there leads the world in many areas, and has had enormous impact on the growth of Africa and on the environment. 1. The Biggest Open Cast, Hand Dug Mine in the World The Big Hole of Kimberly was dug by hand, using picks and shovels. There is debate about whether the Big Hole is the…

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Red-billed Oxpecker Re-claiming KwaZulu Natal Farming Areas.

The Red-billed Oxpecker is not an endangered species in the CITES lists but poisoning had wiped it out in certain livestock farming areas of South Africa. Now, with a little help, the Oxpecker is re-establishing itself. The Red-billed Oxpecker is a member of the starling and myna family Sturndidae. It is native to the Savannah of sub-Saharan Africa, from the Central African Republic east to Sudan and south to northern and eastern South Africa. It is basically an insect eater, but…

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Genetically Engineered Tobacco Bio-Sensor to Detect Landmines

Scientists in South Africa are testing a genetically engineered tobacco plant which detects the presence of nitrogen-dioxide, a marker for landmines, to turn red, in the hope that it may eventually be used to clear mine fields in post-conflict zones around the globe. The team is part of a joint initiative of University of Stellenbosch and the Danish biotechnology firm, Aresa, which has developed the “RedDetect” bio-sensor technology in a weed called Thales Cress. The weed changes color from green…

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